Passive Safety Laboratory


Passive Safety

The Passive Safety Laboratory (LSP) has the appropriate facilities for performing tests channelled towards the evaluation and enhancement of parts that affect the safety of automobile occupants. The Laboratory offers a wide range of tests channelled towards obtaining official approval certificates while at the same time having the necessary versatility to provide support for industry in the design, evaluation and enhancement of its products.
  • Sled test facility.
  • Impact pendulum.
  • Crash test dummies.
  • Crash test dummy calibration fixtures.
  • High speed cameras.
  • Data acquisition.
  • Software for signal and image processing.
  • 3D measuring equipment.

    The laboratory belongs to "la REd de LABoratorios de la Comunidad de Madrid" (Código 257)



    Address: INSIA. Carretera de Valencia, km.7. Campus Sur UPM
    Zip Code: 28031
    Locality: Madrid
    Phone: 910678850

    Tipos de Ensayos y Normas

    • Test in accordance with Directive 74/708-96/37, R17, R80, “with regard to the strength of the seats and their anchorages”: dynamic sled tests.
    • Ensayo según Directiva 74/60 o el R21, “relativo a absorción de energía”, en lo referente a: puntos a ensayar según el procedimiento de ensayo del ANEXO III de la directiva 74/60 o del Reglamento 21.
    • Energy absorption tests in accordance with Regulations for School transport, Royal Decree 443/2001.
    • Tests in accordance with Directive 78/932, R25, “with regard to headrests” referred to: energy absorption tests in accordance with what is described in point 6.1, Annex 1 of Directive 78/932.
    • Test in accordance with Rule 44 “with regard to child restraint systems” referred to: dynamic sled tests, in accordance with what is described in point 8.1.3, R44.
    • Test in accordance with ISO 10542-1 “Wheelchair tie down and occupant restraint systems” referred to: front impact test.


      Sled test facility

      The sled test facility is used to  reproduce deceleration pulses similar to those suffered by vehicle parts, on-board systems and occupants in the event of an impact.

      The sled is accelerated to a specific impact velocity and then decelerated by polyurethane tubes or aluminium honeycomb panel.

      • Maximum payload, 600kg.
      • Maximum impact velocity, 55 km/h.
      • Possibility to  simulate pulses  in accordance with R80, Directive 96/37, R44, ISO7176, AS2942, ISO/DIS 10542-2.
      • Possibility to reproduce specific pulses.
      • Up to 64on-board channels.
      • High speed camera system (up to 4000 images/second).
      • Events Generator (up to 8 airbags).
      • Crash test dummies: 
        • Front impact dummies 50% percentil Hybrid III.
        • Side impact dummies 50% percentil EuroSID1 and EuroSID2.
        • Accelerometers, load cells and potentiometers for dummies depending on test requirements.
        • H point mannequin.



        Dummy calibration fixtures

        Crash test dummies are tools to measure the human body’s response to an impact. Since these tools are measuring instruments, they need to be calibrated. Calibration is done on different dummy regions analysing the response to impact under specific test configurations.

        These fixtures are part of the equipment needed to perform dummy calibration. Apart from the calibration fixtures, the Laboratory has equipment to calibrate the sensors used in the dummies.

        Equipmenmt specifications

        Available fixtures:

        • Head.
        • Neck.
        • Thorax.
        • Pelvis.
        • Knee.
        • Eurofoot.

        Equipment for calibrating sensors:

          • Universal traction machine for calibrating load cells.
          • ENDEVCO accelerometer calibration equipment.


          Impact Pendulum

          The impact pendulum is a device to carry out tests with impactors of different mass and size.

          Equipment widely used for characterising response to the impact of materials or parts, energy absorbed, force curve deformation, etc..

          Equipment specifications

          • Maximum impactor payload 350kg.
          • Maximum impact velocity 28 km/h.
          • 32 channels data acquisition system.
          • High speed camera system (up to 4000 images/second).
          • Great flexibility in configuring tests, impactors of different shapes and mass.

          Apart from the above equipment, the Laboratory possesses equipment and software for the preparation and analysis of dynamic tests, of which it is worth mentioning:

          • (FARO arm) 3D measuring machine.
          • DIAdem signal and crash software.
          • TEMA. LabVieW image analysis software.

               Additional Information